A single Sitemap template is used to generate the sitemap.xml file. Hugo automatically comes with this template file. No work is needed on the users’ part unless they want to customize sitemap.xml.

A sitemap is a Page and have all the page variables available to use in this template along with Sitemap-specific ones:

.Sitemap.ChangeFreq The page change frequency
.Sitemap.Priority The priority of the page
.Sitemap.Filename The sitemap filename

If provided, Hugo will use /layouts/sitemap.xml instead of the internal one.

Hugo’s sitemap.xml

This template uses the version 0.9 of the Sitemap Protocol with Google’s hreflang attributes for linking to translated content.

<urlset xmlns="http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9"
  xmlns:xhtml="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
  {{ range .Data.Pages }}
  <url>
    <loc>{{ .Permalink }}</loc>{{ if not .Lastmod.IsZero }}
    <lastmod>{{ safeHTML ( .Lastmod.Format "2006-01-02T15:04:05-07:00" ) }}</lastmod>{{ end }}{{ with .Sitemap.ChangeFreq }}
    <changefreq>{{ . }}</changefreq>{{ end }}{{ if ge .Sitemap.Priority 0.0 }}
    <priority>{{ .Sitemap.Priority }}</priority>{{ end }}{{ if .IsTranslated }}{{ range .Translations }}
    <xhtml:link
                rel="alternate"
                hreflang="{{ .Lang }}"
                href="{{ .Permalink }}"
                />{{ end }}
    <xhtml:link
                rel="alternate"
                hreflang="{{ .Lang }}"
                href="{{ .Permalink }}"
                />{{ end }}
  </url>
  {{ end }}
</urlset>

*Important: Hugo will automatically add the following header line to this file on render. Please don’t include this in the template as it’s not valid HTML.*

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" standalone="yes" ?>

Configuring sitemap.xml

Defaults for <changefreq>, <priority> and filename values can be set in the site’s config file, e.g.:

[sitemap]
  changefreq = "monthly"
  priority = 0.5
  filename = "sitemap.xml"

The same fields can be specified in an individual page’s front matter in order to override the value for that page.