Make sure Hugo is in your
PATH (or provide a path to it). Test this by:
$ hugo help hugo is the main command, used to build your Hugo site. Hugo is a Fast and Flexible Static Site Generator built with love by spf13 and friends in Go. Complete documentation is available at http://gohugo.io/. Usage: hugo [flags] hugo [command] Available Commands: benchmark Benchmark Hugo by building a site a number of times. config Print the site configuration convert Convert your content to different formats env Print Hugo version and environment info gen A collection of several useful generators. import Import your site from others. list Listing out various types of content new Create new content for your site server A high performance webserver undraft Undraft changes the content's draft status from 'True' to 'False' version Print the version number of Hugo Flags: -b, --baseURL string hostname (and path) to the root, e.g. http://spf13.com/ -D, --buildDrafts include content marked as draft -E, --buildExpired include expired content -F, --buildFuture include content with publishdate in the future --cacheDir string filesystem path to cache directory. Defaults: $TMPDIR/hugo_cache/ --canonifyURLs if true, all relative URLs will be canonicalized using baseURL --cleanDestinationDir Remove files from destination not found in static directories --config string config file (default is path/config.yaml|json|toml) -c, --contentDir string filesystem path to content directory -d, --destination string filesystem path to write files to --disable404 Do not render 404 page --disableRSS Do not build RSS files --disableSitemap Do not build Sitemap file --enableGitInfo Add Git revision, date and author info to the pages --forceSyncStatic Copy all files when static is changed. --i18n-warnings Print missing translations --ignoreCache Ignores the cache directory -l, --layoutDir string filesystem path to layout directory --log Enable Logging --logFile string Log File path (if set, logging enabled automatically) --noChmod Don't sync permission mode of files --noTimes Don't sync modification time of files --pluralizeListTitles Pluralize titles in lists using inflect (default true) --preserveTaxonomyNames Preserve taxonomy names as written ("Gérard Depardieu" vs "gerard-depardieu") --quiet build in quiet mode --renderToMemory render to memory (only useful for benchmark testing) -s, --source string filesystem path to read files relative from --stepAnalysis display memory and timing of different steps of the program -t, --theme string theme to use (located in /themes/THEMENAME/) --uglyURLs if true, use /filename.html instead of /filename/ -v, --verbose verbose output --verboseLog verbose logging -w, --watch watch filesystem for changes and recreate as needed Additional help topics: hugo check Contains some verification checks Use "hugo [command] --help" for more information about a command.
Common Usage Example
The most common use is probably to run
hugo with your current directory being the input directory:
$ hugo 0 draft content 0 future content 99 pages created 0 paginator pages created 16 tags created 0 groups created in 120 ms
This generates your web site to the
ready to be deployed to your web server.
Instant feedback as you develop your web site
If you are working on things and want to see the changes immediately, by default Hugo will watch the filesystem for changes, and rebuild your site as soon as a file is saved:
$ hugo -s ~/Code/hugo/docs 0 draft content 0 future content 99 pages created 0 paginator pages created 16 tags created 0 groups created in 120 ms Watching for changes in /Users/spf13/Code/hugo/docs/content Press Ctrl+C to stop
$ hugo server -ws ~/Code/hugo/docs 0 draft content 0 future content 99 pages created 0 paginator pages created 16 tags created 0 groups created in 120 ms Watching for changes in /Users/spf13/Code/hugo/docs/content Serving pages from /Users/spf13/Code/hugo/docs/public Web Server is available at http://localhost:1313/ Press Ctrl+C to stop
Deploying your web site
hugo server for local web development,
you need to do a final
server part of the command
to rebuild your site.
You may then deploy your site by copying the
(by FTP, SFTP, WebDAV, Rsync,
git push, etc.)
to your production web server.
Since Hugo generates a static website, your site can be hosted anywhere, including Heroku, GoDaddy, DreamHost, GitHub Pages, Amazon S3 with CloudFront, Firebase Hosting, or any other cheap (or even free) static web hosting service.
A note about deployment
hugo does not remove generated files before building. This means that you should delete your
public/ directory (or the directory you specified with
--destination) before running the
hugo command, or you run the risk of the wrong files (e.g. drafts and/or future posts) being left in the generated site.
An easy way to work around this is to use different directories for development and production.
To start a server that builds draft content (helpful for editing), you can specify a different destination: the
$ hugo server -wDs ~/Code/hugo/docs -d dev
When the content is ready for publishing, use the default
$ hugo -s ~/Code/hugo/docs
This prevents content you’re not yet ready to share from accidentally becoming available.
Alternatively, serve your web site with Hugo!
Yes, that’s right! Because Hugo is so blazingly fast both in web site creation and in web serving (thanks to its concurrent and multi-threaded design and its Go heritage), some users actually prefer using Hugo itself to serve their web site on their production server!
No other web server software (Apache, nginx, IIS…) is necessary.
Here is the command:
$ hugo server --baseURL=http://yoursite.org/ \ --port=80 \ --appendPort=false \ --bind=126.96.36.199
which is the interface to which the server will bind
fine for most development use cases).
Some hosts, such as Amazon Web Services,
run NAT (network address translation);
sometimes it can be hard to figure out the actual IP address.
--bind=0.0.0.0 will bind to all interfaces.
This way, you may actually deploy just the source files, and Hugo on your server will generate the resulting web site on-the-fly and serve them at the same time.
You may optionally add
--disableLiveReload=true if you do not want
Interested? Here are some great tutorials contributed by Hugo users:
- hugo, syncthing (French) by Frédéric Logier (@fredix)