Hugo takes a single directory and uses it as the input for creating a complete website.

The top level of a source directory will typically have the following elements:

▸ archetypes/
▸ content/
▸ data/
▸ i18n/
▸ layouts/
▸ static/
▸ themes/
  config.toml

Learn more about the different directories and what their purpose is:

Example

An example directory may look like:

.
├── config.toml
├── archetypes
|   └── default.md
├── content
|   ├── post
|   |   ├── firstpost.md
|   |   └── secondpost.md
|   └── quote
|   |   ├── first.md
|   |   └── second.md
├── data
├── i18n
├── layouts
|   ├── _default
|   |   ├── single.html
|   |   └── list.html
|   ├── partials
|   |   ├── header.html
|   |   └── footer.html
|   ├── taxonomy
|   |   ├── category.html
|   |   ├── post.html
|   |   ├── quote.html
|   |   └── tag.html
|   ├── post
|   |   ├── li.html
|   |   ├── single.html
|   |   └── summary.html
|   ├── quote
|   |   ├── li.html
|   |   ├── single.html
|   |   └── summary.html
|   ├── shortcodes
|   |   ├── img.html
|   |   ├── vimeo.html
|   |   └── youtube.html
|   ├── index.html
|   └── sitemap.xml
├── themes
|   ├── hyde
|   └── doc
└── static
    ├── css
    └── js

This directory structure tells us a lot about this site:

  1. The website intends to have two different types of content: posts and quotes.
  2. It will also apply two different taxonomies to that content: categories and tags.
  3. It will be displaying content in 3 different views: a list, a summary and a full page view.

Content for home page and other list pages

Since Hugo 0.18, “everything” is a Page that can have content and metadata, like .Params, attached to it – and share the same set of page variables.

To add content and frontmatter to the home page, a section, a taxonomy or a taxonomy terms listing, add a markdown file with the base name _index on the relevant place on the file system.

For the default Markdown content, the filename will be _index.md.

Se the example directory tree below.

Note that you don’t have to create _index file for every section, taxonomy and similar, a default page will be created if not present, but with no content and default values for .Title etc.

└── content
    ├── _index.md
    ├── categories
    │   ├── _index.md
    │   └── photo
    │       └── _index.md
    ├── post
    │   ├── _index.md
    │   └── firstpost.md
    └── tags
        ├── _index.md
        └── hugo
            └── _index.md